Genital Infections and Infertility

Genital Infections and Infertility
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Urol 11 , — Cunningham, K. Male genital tract chlamydial infection: implications for pathology and infertility.

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Reprod 79 , — Joki-Korpela, P. The role of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in male infertility. Hosseinzadeh, S. Coincubation of human spermatozoa with Chlamydia trachomatis in vitro causes increased tyrosine phosphorylation of sperm proteins. Co-incubation of human spermatozoa with Chlamydia trachomatis serovar E causes premature sperm death. Reprod 16 , — Chlamydia trachomatis-induced death of human spermatozoa is caused primarily by lipopolysaccharide. Microbiol 52 , — Eley, A. Apoptosis of ejaculated human sperm is induced by co-incubation with Chlamydia trachomatis lipopolysaccharide.

Satta, A. Experimental Chlamydia trachomatis infection causes apoptosis in human sperm.

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Semen quality of men with asymptomatic chlamydial infection. Androl 25 , — Erbengi, T. Ultrastructural observations on the entry of Chlamydia trachomatis into human spermatozoa. Reprod 8 , — Villegas, H. Electron microscopy of Chlamydia trachomatis infection of the male genital tract. Schulz, M. Effect of Escherichia coli and its soluble factors on mitochondrial membrane potential, phosphatidylserine translocation, viability, and motility of human spermatozoa. Barbonetti, A. Soluble products of Escherichia coli induce mitochondrial dysfunction-related sperm membrane lipid peroxidation which is prevented by lactobacilli.

Laser therapy in women genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection complicated with PID and infertility

Male rodent genital tract infection with Chlamydia muridarum: persistence in the prostate gland that triggers self-immune reactions in genetically susceptible hosts. Motrich, R. Male rat genital tract infection with Chlamydia muridarum has no significant consequence on male fertility. Sanchez, L. Chronic infection of the prostate by Chlamydia muridarum is accompanied by local inflammation and pelvic pain development.

The Prostate 77 5 , — Bachir, B. Infectious, inflammatory, and immunologic conditions resulting in male infertility. Ljubin-Sternak, S. Pathog , Mazzoli, S. Chlamydia trachomatis infection is related to poor semen quality in young prostatitis patients.

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Pajovic, B. Semen analysis before and after antibiotic treatment of asymptomatic Chlamydia- and Ureaplasma-related pyospermia.

Andrologia 45 , — Dehghan Marvast, L. Semen inflammatory markers and Chlamydia trachomatis infection in male partners of infertile couples. Andrologia In press. Eggert-Kruse, W. Male immunity to the chlamydial 60 kDa heat shock protein HSP 60 -associated with semen quality? Andrologia 47 , 66—76 Vigil, P. Chlamydia trachomatis infection in male partners of infertile couples: incidence and sperm function.

Andrologia 34 , — Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis in subfertile couples. Chlamydia trachomatis occurrence and its impact on sperm quality in chronic prostatitis patients. Weidner, W. Infection 24 , — Gallegos, G. Sperm DNA fragmentation in infertile men with genitourinary infection by Chlamydia trachomatis and Mycoplasma. Cai, T. Effect of human papillomavirus and Chlamydia trachomatis co-infection on sperm quality in young heterosexual men with chronic prostatitis-related symptoms.

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BJU Int. Sobinoff, A. Chlamydia muridarum infection-induced destruction of male germ cells and sertoli cells is partially prevented by Chlamydia major outer membrane protein-specific immune CD4 cells. Reprod 92 , 27 Relationship between Chlamydia trachomatis and Mycoplasma genitalium infection and pregnancy rate and outcome in Iranian infertile couples. Boncompain, G. Production of reactive oxygen species is turned on and rapidly shut down in epithelial cells infected with Chlamydia trachomatis.

Moore-Connors, J. Mucosal Immunol 8 , 94— Wolner-Hanssen, P. In vitro tests of the adherence of Chlamydia trachomatis to human spermatozoa. Patton, D.

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The role of spermatozoa in the pathogenesis of Chlamydia trachomatis salpingitis in a primate model. Saka, H. Agaisse, H. PLoS One 8 , e Susceptibility of prostate epithelial cells to Chlamydia muridarum infection and their role in innate immunity by recruitment of intracellular Toll-like receptors 4 and 2 and MyD88 to the inclusion.

World Health Organization. WHO Pathogenic consequences in semen quality of an autoimmune response against the prostate gland: from animal models to human disease.

Mayorga-Torres, B. Influence of ejaculation frequency on seminal parameters. Aitken, R. Slepenkin, A. Protection of mice from a Chlamydia trachomatis vaginal infection using a Salicylidene acylhydrazide, a potential microbicide.

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Faul, F. Methods 39 , — Download references. All authors critically revised and approved the final version of the manuscript.

Correspondence to Ruben D. Reprints and Permissions. Ecological Entomology Frontiers in Immunology Microorganisms Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate. Advanced search. Skip to main content. Subjects Infertility Male factor infertility. Abstract Chlamydia trachomatis is the most prevalent sexually transmitted bacterial infection.

Introduction Chlamydia trachomatis CT is the most prevalent sexually transmitted bacterial pathogen in humans and the most common infection among sexually active young adults 1. Results Chlamydia spp. Figure 1. Full size image. Table 1 Chlamydia spp. Full size table. Figure 2.

  • Genital Tract Infection in Asymptomatic Infertile Men and Its Effect on Semen Quality;
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Table 3 Effects of C. Figure 3. Figure 4. Discussion Herein, using different experimental in vitro approaches and an animal model of infection, we provide evidence indicating that Chlamydia spp. Sperm samples Human semen samples were collected by masturbation after 2—5 days of sexual abstinence from a total of 54 healthy normozoospermic subjects average age: 30, range: 20—49 years according to World Health Organization WHO criteria Ethical approval This study was conducted between March and May Sperm motility and viability Sperm motility and viability were analyzed according to WHO criteria Determination of chlamydial infection in the genital tract of female mice inseminated with murine sperm in vitro pre-incubated with C.

Animal model of C. Fertility Parameters Females were sacrificed on day 18 of gestation. Paediatrician Lars Almroth, from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, and colleagues studied 99 infertile women and women who were pregnant for the first time, at two hospitals in Khartoum in Sudan. All the women in the study had undergone female genital mutilation FGM as girls, and they were examined to discover the extent of the mutilation.